In our previous article, we had discussed the meaning and
various possible causes that cause infertility in both- men and women. Once the prognosis is done
and the cause identified, there are multiple techniques available today that
can give them a ray of hope…
Reproductive Techniques (ART) involves all treatments where eggs are fertilized
or embryos are conceived outside the body.
Let’s see some
recent advances in artificial reproductive techniques:
Insemination (IUI) – One of the least invasive and more affordable
alternatives to IVF, in this process, a washed sperm is placed in the woman’s
uterus using a catheter during the ovulation cycle.
(IVF) - is the treatment in which an egg is surgically removed from the
ovary and fertilized outside the body. In some cases, IVF may be accompanied by
the following two supplementary treatments:
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection
(ICSI) – In this treatment, a single sperm is injected directly into the egg.
After fertilization, the embryos are allowed to develop for 3 to 5 days before
being transferred to the woman’s uterus.
Selected Sperm Injection (IMSI) – For couples that have had previously failed IVF and
ICSI, IMSI is a ray of hope. The sperm selection is performed under
magnification to identify good quality, which helps in better egg fertilization
rates, better quality embryos, better rate of blastocyst formation and hence,
better pregnancy rates.
Embryos - Day 3
or embryo adoption program – If a woman is unable to conceive due to her
matured age, health reasons or poor quality of her eggs, she can opt for donor
eggs or embryos donated by another woman. The donor egg is combined with the
partner’s sperm in the laboratory, and the embryo is transferred to the woman’s
uterus after fertilization. The same procedure can be done with a donated
embryo or donated sperm.
Surrogacy – In this procedure, another woman carries the embryo or donor embryo
and gives birth to the baby for the couple facing fertility problems. It is
also usually the most preferred route for single fathers.
Sperm Extraction (TESE) – For men who have no sperm in their semen, but
still want to conceive with their own semen, this procedure can be useful.
Sometimes, there is a sperm production, but it is not carried to the seminal
fluid. In this case, sperm is extracted directly from the seminal ducts. This
sperm extracted from the testis can be then directly injected into the egg or
frozen for future use.
– It is a procedure where sperms, oocytes or embryos are preserved
by cooling to low sub zero temperatures, such as -196 degrees C. At such low
temperatures, any biological activity, including biochemical reactions of
gametes are effectively stopped.
The above treatments may require surgery and are
expensive. Please take the advise of your physician to know the best treatment
option suited for you. However, ART provides most couples with infertility
issues the best chance of having a biological child. You can visit us @ www.corionfertiityclinic.con or
write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org
for any additional information or assistance
In medical terms, infertility is referred to
as a woman’s inability to conceive, even after a year of unprotected intercourse.
Although infertility is considered to be a concern often associated with women,
not many people know that male-related infertility accounts for one-third of
the cases. Studies also indicate that the infertility cause remains
unidentified in 25% of couples planning to have a baby.
Here are some common and not-so-common
factors of female and male infertility:
Disease – damage or blockage of the Fallopian tubes.
dysfunctionor anovulation – egg is not
released from the ovary every month.
– affects the function of the Fallopian tubes, uterus and ovaries.
or cervical abnormalities – abnormalities in the shape or cavity of the uterus
or problems with the opening/closing of the cervix.
problems - previous ectopic pregnancy or more than one miscarriage.
Less Common Factors
medications that induce temporary infertility
Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
count or quality
with the delivery of sperm
Less Common Factors
of testes (Orchitis)
·Any drug treatment or exposure to chemotherapy,
saunas or hot tubs
Some common factors which can lead to
infertility issues in both men and women are:
factors such as being overweight, stress, smoking, drugs or contact
with/ingestion of harmful chemicals.
·Medical conditions like diabetes, epilepsy
and thyroid (mostly in women).
·Age-related infertility - though it affects
females more (after the age of 35), males suffer from it too.
Medical tests could help to determine the
actual cause of infertility, and artificial treatment options available to the